This passage has to do with false religion. The Israelites are criticized for assuming that the presence of the temple of God indicates a healthy relationship with God. They are reminded that association with the things of God does not lead to a relationship with Him. Rather, it is allegiance to God Himself. This allegiance is lived out and demonstrated by love for the people whom God loves.
The book of Jeremiah gives us a raw and rich portrait of the life of Jeremiah. It provides us with a rare example of the interior life of a prophet. As we study it, we will be encouraged to experience honestly the circumstances that we are facing by Jeremiah's stark honesty. We will be given hope as we see the stark picture of a painful reality into which God promises redemption. But most of all, we will see how God works through failure and be encouraged that God will work in the midst of the failure of this world and through our personal failures.